Who's Who in a Hospital? Your Visual Guide to Medical Jobs

You may be familiar with doctors and nurses from your annual checkup, but most of us aren't familiar with the many different types of medical jobs out there. You interact with various healthcare professionals throughout your visit, and there are several hospital positions that operate behind the scenes. This all adds up to a long list of medical careers.

The sheer size and complexity of the healthcare field can be overwhelming — especially when you see it all working together within the controlled chaos of a hospital. Both at the bedside and in the backroom, healthcare professionals of all specialties function interdependently to keep communities in tip-top shape in a variety of hospital settings.

How many of these medical jobs are you aware of?

A visual list of medical careers and hospital jobs

This infographic was designed to highlight the various hospital positions you may or may not be familiar with. Get a better understanding of these types of medical jobs and how they all contribute to the overall health of patients and efficiency of the facility.

Infographic image featuring a cutaway view inside of a hospital showing various healthcare professionals interacting with patients as well as career information.Infographic image featuring a cutaway view inside of a hospital showing various healthcare professionals interacting with patients as well as career information.Infographic image featuring a cutaway view inside of a hospital showing various healthcare professionals interacting with patients as well as career information.Infographic image featuring a cutaway view inside of a hospital showing various healthcare professionals interacting with patients as well as career information.

Who’s Who in a Hospital Infographic

The entirety of the infographic is a cutout of a hospital, top floor to bottom floor.

The very top floor shows a surgical scene on one side and someone entering information into a computer on the other. The clinical lab technician on this floor collects tissue and specimen samples and performs laboratory tests. Their 2021 median annual salary is $58,800 and the typical education needed is an Associate’s degree.

Getting closer to the surgery side of the floor, we have the surgeon. The surgeon performs surgeries and prescribes postoperative treatments. Their 2021 mean annual salary is $294,520, and the typical education needed is a Doctoral degree plus residency time.

On the other side of the surgeon and patient is the anesthesiologist. The anesthesiologist administers anesthetic during medical procedures. Their 2021 mean annual salary is $331,190, and the typical education needed is a Doctoral degree plus residency time.

Next to the surgeon is the surgical technologist. The surgical technologist ensures a sterile environment and assists the surgical team with procedures. Their 2021 median annual salary is $48,530, and the typical education needed is an Associate’s degree.

On the floor beneath surgery is the physical therapy unit. A physical therapist is talking to a patient with crutches and going over their chart, while a physical therapist assistant helps another patient extend and move their leg. The physical therapist diagnoses movement-related issues in patients and prescribes rehabilitative measures. Their 2021 median annual salary is $95,620, and the typical education needed for this role is a Doctoral degree.

The physical therapist assistant instructs and assists patients in their physical therapy exercises. Their 2021 median annual salary is $61,180, and the typical education needed for this role is an Associate’s degree.

The X-ray unit is beneath the physical therapy unit. The radiologist is to the left, analyzing the X-rays, while the radiologic technologist screens a patient. The radiologist’s role is to analyze medical imagine for patient diagnosis. Their 2021 mean annual salary is $255,110, and the typical education needed for this role is a Doctoral degree plus residency time.

The radiologic technologist assists patients and administers X-rays and other diagnostic imaging procedures. Their 2021 median annual salary is $61,370, and the typical education needed for this role is an Associate’s degree.

Beneath the X-ray unit is a patient room. A physician and registered nurse assist a patient lying in a hospital bed. Registered nurses assess patient health and administer care. Their 2021 median annual salary is $77,600, and the typical education needed for this role is an Associate’s or Bachelor’s degree.

The physician diagnoses diseases and prescribes treatments. The 2021 mean annual salary is $255,110, and the typical education required is a Doctoral degree plus residency time.

The next floor underneath the patient room is the main office, where a medical records specialist enters information into a computer, a health services manager supervises the floor and the health information technician works with medical records. The health services manager directs and supervises administration of medical and health services in a hospital. Their 2021 median annual salary is $101,340, and the typical education needed for this role is a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree.

The medical records specialist converts medical documentation into standardized data. Their 2021 median annual salary is $46,660, and the education typically needed for this role is a Diploma or an Associate’s degree.

The health information technician is off to the right, next to some filing cabinets. They process and maintain medical records. Their 2021 median annual salary is $55,660, and the typical education needed for this role is an Associate’s or Bachelor’s degree.

Finally, the first floor is the pharmacy, where we see a patient waiting in a chair, a pharmacy technician reading prescriptions and a pharmacist in the back, dispensing prescriptions. The pharmacy technician prepares prescriptions and assists customers with questions. Their 2021 median annual salary is $36,740, and the education typically needed for this role is a high school diploma or postsecondary certificate.

The pharmacist dispenses prescriptions and advises physicians on interactions and dosages. Their 2021 median annual salary is $128,570, and the education typically needed for this role is a Doctoral degree.

Beneath the infographic are source materials from which information regarding salary and job postings were taken:

Salary information was taken from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook (2021) from the U.S. Department of Labor. This represents national averaged earnings for the occupations listed and includes workers at all levels of education and experience. Employment conditions in your area may vary. Salary information for radiologist and physician reflects “Physicians and surgeons, all other” category.

Rasmussen University does not offer educational programs to prepare students for every occupation profiled. Please see www.rasmussen.edu/degrees for a list of the programs offered.

Which types of medical jobs interest you?

Interested in joining the ranks of these highly-respected healthcare professionals? As you can tell by this list of medical careers, there's something for everyone in the world of healthcare. Check out our article to learn why there's no better time than now to join the field: "7 Compelling Reasons to Consider Working in the Healthcare Industry."

 

1Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, [accessed May 2022] www.bls.gov/ooh/. Information represents national, averaged data for the occupations listed and includes workers at all levels of education and experience. This data does not represent starting salaries. Employment conditions in your area may vary. Salary information for radiologist and physician reflects “Physicians and surgeons, all other” category.
Rasmussen University does not offer educational programs to prepare students for all occupations profiled. Please see www.rasmussen.edu/degrees for a list of the programs offered.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article was originally published in May 2016. It has since been updated to include information relevant to 2022

About the author

Will Erstad

Will is a Sr. Content Specialist at Collegis Education. He researches and writes student-focused articles on a variety of topics for Rasmussen University. He is passionate about learning and enjoys writing engaging content to help current and future students on their path to a rewarding education.

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This piece of ad content was created by Rasmussen University to support its educational programs. Rasmussen University may not prepare students for all positions featured within this content. Please visit www.rasmussen.edu/degrees for a list of programs offered. External links provided on rasmussen.edu are for reference only. Rasmussen University does not guarantee, approve, control, or specifically endorse the information or products available on websites linked to, and is not endorsed by website owners, authors and/or organizations referenced. Rasmussen University is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, an institutional accreditation agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education.

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